1904 Cambridge Springs International Chess Congress
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Round 1 Games

April 25, 1904

The pairings for Round 1 are listed below. The first player listed is White.
The player's score at the beginning of the round is in parentheses.

Round 1 Pairings
Teichmann - Hodges Barry - Napier
Lawrence - Janowsky Meises - Marco
Schlecter - Showalter Pillsbury - Fox
Lasker - Delmar Marshall - Chigorin

(1) Teichmann - Hodges, Petroff Defense [C42]
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.Nxe5 d6 4.Nf3 Nxe4 5.d4 d5 6.Bd3 Be7 7.0-0 Nc6 8.h3 0-0 9.Re1 f5 10.c4 Be6 11.cxd5 Bxd5 12.Nc3 Bb4 13.Qc2 Nxc3 14.bxc3 Bxf3 15.cxb4 Bd5 16.Qc3 Qh4 17.b5 Qxd4 18.Bb2 Qxc3 19.Bxc3 Nd8 20.Bb4 Rf6 21.Re8+ Kf7 22.Rae1 c5 23.Bxc5 b6 24.R1e7+ Kg6 25.Bd4 Bf7 26.g4 Bxe8 27.gxf5+ Kh6 28.Rxe8 Rd6 29.Be3+ Kh5 30.Be2+ 1-0 Replay at ChessGames.com.


The following game was awarded the Second Brilliancy Prize. Annotations are from Reinfeld's "Great Brilliancy Prize Games of the Chess Masters" unless otherwise noted.
(2) Barry - Napier, Petroff Defense [C42]
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.Nxe5 d6 4.Nf3 Nxe4 5.d4 d5 6.Bd3 Be7 7.0-0 Nc6 8.Re1 Bg4 9.Bxe4 [This colorless move achieves nothing. The alternative 9.c4 is more promising.] 9...dxe4 10.Rxe4 Bxf3 11.Qxf3 [Or 11.gxf3 f5 and Black regains the pawn.] 11...Nxd4 12.Qc3 Ne6 13.Nd2 0-0 14.Nf3 Bf6 [A very strong Bishop. If White retreats 15.Qb3, Black wins the Exchange with 15...Nc5.] 15.Qe1 Qd5! [The Queen is powerfully posted here.] 16.Rb4? a5! 17.Re4 Rad8 18.c3 [In order to develop his Bishop White must play this move, creating a weakness that Black immediately exploits.] 18...Nc5! 19.Re2 Nd3! 20.Qf1 a4! [Threatening ...a3, which White prevents.] 21.a3 c5! [Black plans ...b5 & ...b4 to increase his Bishop's effectiveness on the diagonal.] 22.Rb1 Rd7 23.Be3 Rfd8! 24.Rd1 Qb3! [With this crafty idea: 25.Red2 Nxb2! 26.Rxd7 Nxd1! and Black remains a Pawn up.] 25.Rb1 h6! [In such situations it is a good idea to prepare a "loop-hole" for one's King.] 26.Nd2 Qd5 27.Nf3 b5! 28.Rd2 Qb3 29.Re2 b4! [Strategically decisive.] 30.Nd2 Qd5 31.cxb4 cxb4 32.Nf3 Qb3! 33.axb4 Qxb4 34.Bd2 Qb3 35.Ba5 Ra8 36.Nd2 Qd5 [Now Black obtains a powerful passed a-pawn -- the key to the following brilliant complications.] 37.Bc3 Bxc3 38.bxc3 Nf4! 39.Ree1 Qxd2! [Black can get a won game now with 39...Nh3+ 40.gxh3 Qxd2 41.Red1 Qg5+ etc. But he prefers a more brilliant line.] 40.Rbd1 [White thinks he is winning the Exchange.] 40...Ne2+! 41.Kh1 [Now White must not play 41.Qxe2? as he would be quite lost after 41...Qxe2.] 41...Qxd1 42.Rxd1 Rxd1 43.Qxd1 a3! [The key to Black's combination.] 44.Qd5 [On 44.Qxe2 Black wins with 44...a2 etc.; Nor will 44.Qa1 serve because of 44...a2 45.h3 Nc1 after which 46...Nb3 decides.] 44...Rb8 45.g3 Nxc3 46.Qe5 Rb1+ 47.Kg2 a2 [Thanks to Black's timely 25...h6, he can afford to desert his first rank.] 48.Qe8+ [In reply to 48.Qxc3 Black has 48...a1=Q 49.Qc8+ Kh7 50.Qf5+ g6 51.Qxf7+ Qg7 etc.] 48...Kh7 49.Qxf7 [49.Qd7 - Wall] a1=Q 50.Qf5+ Kg8 51.Qc8+ Kf7 52.Qd7+ Kf6 [Black's King will find a hideaway at b2.] 53.Qd6+ Kf5 54.Qd7+ Ke4 55.Qg4+ Kd3 56.Qd7+ Kc2 57.Qf5+ Kb2 [The rigorous logic of Black's play is very impressive.] [Threatening 58...Rg1+ 59.Kh3 Qf1+ 60.Kg4 Qe2+ 61.Kh3 g5 - Wall] 0-1 Replay. Replay at ChessGames.com.


(3) Lawrence - Janowsky, Ruy Lopez [C87]
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 Be7 6.Re1 d6 7.Bxc6+ bxc6 8.d4 Nd7 9.dxe5 dxe5 10.Nbd2 f6 11.Nb3 a5 12.a4 Nb6 13.Qxd8+ Kxd8 14.Bd2 Nc4 15.Bc3 Bb4 16.Bxb4 axb4 17.Reb1 Ke7 18.Nfd2 Nxd2 19.Nxd2 Be6 20.f3 Rhd8 21.Rd1 c5 22.b3 Rd4 23.Kf2 Kd6 24.Nf1 c4 25.bxc4 Rxd1 26.Rxd1+ Kc5 27.Ra1 Kxc4 28.Ne3+ Kc3 29.a5 Ra6 30.Ke1 g6 31.Rb1 Rxa5 32.Nd1+ Kc4 33.Kd2 c5 34.Nb2+ Kd4 35.Nd3 Bc4 36.Nb2 Ra2 37.Nxc4 Kxc4 38.Kc1 f5 39.exf5 gxf5 40.Kd2 Kd4 41.Rb3 e4 42.Kc1 c4 43.Rxb4 Kc3 0-1 Replay at ChessGames.com.


(4) Mieses - Marco, [C26]
1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.g3 Bc5 4.Bg2 d6 5.Na4 Bb6 6.Ne2 f5 7.Nxb6 axb6 8.d3 Qf6 9.f4 fxe4 10.dxe4 Bg4 11.c3 Qf7 12.h3 Bxe2 13.Qxe2 Rxa2 14.Rxa2 Qxa2 15.Qg4 Qf7 16.0-0 Nf6 17.Qe2 0-0 18.f5 d5 19.exd5 Nxd5 20.Rd1 Nde7 21.g4 Kh8 22.Rd7 Rc8 23.Bxc6 bxc6 24.Qxe5 Ng6 25.Qd4 1-0 Replay at ChessGames.com.


Showalter arrived late at the tournament, just before Round 1. Schlechter agreed to postpone the game until Wednesday, April 27 (between Round 2 and Round 3).
(5) Schlechter - Showalter, Queen's Gambit Declined [D67]
1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.e3 Nbd7 6.Nf3 0-0 7.Rc1 c6 8.Bd3 dxc4 9.Bxc4 Nd5 10.Bxe7 Qxe7 11.0-0 N5b6 12.Bb3 e5 13.Ne4 exd4 14.Qxd4 Nf6 15.Nxf6+ Qxf6 16.Qxf6 gxf6 17.Rfd1 a5 18.Rd4 Bf5 19.Rc5 Bg6 20.a4 Rfe8 21.Kf1 Re4 22.Ke2 Rxd4 23.Nxd4 Nd7 24.Rc3 Rd8 25.h3 c5 26.Nf3 b6 27.Nh4 Be4 28.f3 Bb7 29.Bc4 Ne5 30.Bb5 Kf8 31.Nf5 Bc8 32.Ng3 Ke7 33.Nh5 Bb7 34.Nf4 f5 35.Rc2 Rd6 36.Rd2 h6 37.Rxd6 Kxd6 38.Kd2 Ng6 ½-½ Replay at ChessGames.com.


(6) Pillsbury - Fox, Queen's Gambit Declined [D60]
1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.e3 0-0 6.Nf3 Nbd7 7.Bd3 b6 8.cxd5 exd5 9.Ne5 Bb7 10.f4 Ne4 11.Bxe7 Qxe7 12.Bxe4 dxe4 13.0-0 f5 14.Qb3+ Kh8 15.Rac1 Nf6 16.Rfd1 Rac8 17.Nb5 Bd5 18.Qa4 a5 19.Na7 Ra8 20.Nac6 Qe6 21.b3 Ne8 22.Qb5 Nd6 23.Qe2 Rf6 24.Qh5 Qe8 25.Qxe8+ Rxe8 26.Nd7 Rf7 27.Nce5 Rfe7 28.Rxc7 Nb5 29.Rcc1 Re6 30.Nc4 Bxc4 31.bxc4 Na7 32.Rb1 Nc8 33.Ne5 Kg8 34.Rb5 Rd6 35.Rdb1 Red8 36.c5 bxc5 37.Rxc5 a4 38.Rb7 Rb6 39.Rxc8 Rxc8 40.Rxb6 Rc1+ 41.Kf2 Rc2+ 42.Ke1 h6 43.d5 Rxa2 44.d6 Ra1+ 45.Kd2 Ra2+ 46.Kc3 1-0 Replay at ChessGames.com.


(7) Lasker - Delmar, Queen's Gambit Declined [D53]
1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Nbd7 5.e3 Be7 6.Nf3 h6 7.Bh4 c6 8.Qc2 dxc4 [It is better to spare a tempo by deferring this capture until White has moved the f1 Bishop.] 9.Bxc4 Nb6 [An artificial maneuver which contributes very little to the problem of how Black is to free his game.] 10.Be2 [After the more natural 10.Bd3, Black could reply 10...Nfd4, threatening ...Nb4 and thus forcing an exchange of Bishops.] 10...Nfd5 [See note below.] 11.Bg3 Nxc3 12.bxc3 0-0 13.0-0 Bd7 [A colorless move, but Black has no really good plan at his disposal.] 14.a4! Nd5 15.Rfb1 [With his last two moves, White has built up a formidable position on the Queen's wing.] 15...Bc8? [15...b6 was essential to prevent Lasker's next move.] 16.a5! [Intensifying the pressure on the open file; White intends c4 without having to fear ...Nb4 followed by ...a5.] 16...Bd6 17.c4! [Lasker is quite willing to exchange Bishops, as he forsees that the ensuing weakness of the black squares will make possible the subsequent tour of White's Knight to d6.] 17...Ne7 [Not 17...Bxg3 18.cxd5 Bd6 19.dxc6 Qc7 20.cxb7!] 18.c5 Bxg3 19.hxg3 a6 [Allowing White an important point of invasion at b6.] 20.Ne5 Qc7 21.Qb2! [In order to prevent Black from bringing out his Bishop; furthermore, ...Rb8 is impossible because of Bxa6.] 21...Rd8 22.Nc4 Rb8 23.Nd6 [This powerfully posted Knight paralyzes Black's attempts at counterplay.] 23...Nf5 [A desperate but superficial resource; Black's queenside pawns were untenable in any event.] 24.Nxf5 exf5 25.Bxa6 f4 [Threatening to win the exchange by Bf5.] 26.Qb6 [This move, as powerful as it is simple, leaves no doubt about the result.] 26...Qxb6 27.Rxb6 fxg3 28.fxg3 Re8 29.Kf2 Re6 30.Bc4! Rf6+ 31.Kg1 Ra8 [White threatened 32.a6 Ra8 33.Rab1 bxa6 34.Rb8 and wins.] 32.e4 Rg6 [Lasker now forces the win with a few energetic strokes.] 33.a6! bxa6 34.Rab1 Be6 35.d5 cxd5 36.exd5 Bf5 37.Rb8+ Kh7 [37...Rxb8 38.Rxb8+ Kh7 39.d6 Bd7 40.Bd3 f4 41.Rd8 is equally hopeless.] 38.Rxa8 Bxb1 39.d6 Bf5 40.Bd3 1-0 An elegant conclusion to a well-played game. The above annotations are from Lasker's Greatest Chess Games 1889-1914 (formerly titled Dr. Lasker's Chess Career) by Reinfeld and Fine. Replay at ChessGames.com.

Note: Several sources give Delmar's 10th move as 10...Nbd5. At least two sources, including the Daily Bulletin from the tournament, give the move in Descriptive Notation as KKt-Q4. I have updated the game score above to show the move as 10...Nfd5. As the game progresses, the distinction becomes irrelevant.


September 2005 Update: Mr. A.J. Goldsby identified an error in the notation for the following game. Most electronic sources give this move sequence: 17.Nxc6 Qxd3 18.Bxd3 bxc6 19.hxg4 Rab8. However, the moves are out of sequence. Also, the databases have moves 25 and 29 shown incorrectly. The corrected game score is below.

Please check out the deep analysis of this Marshall vs. Chigorin game by Life Master A.J. Goldsby I. Marshall holds his own against one of the world's best players at the time.
(8) Marshall - Chigorin, Queen's Gambit Declined [D31]
1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 c6 4.e4 dxe4 5.Nxe4 Nf6 6.Nc3 Nbd7 7.Nf3 Bd6 8.Bd3 e5 9.0-0 0-0 10.Bg5 exd4 11.Nxd4 Ne5 12.Bxf6 gxf6 13.Bc2 Bg4 14.Qd2 Ng6 15.h3 Bf4 16.Qd3 Be5 17.Nxc6 bxc6 18.hxg4 Qxd3 19.Bxd3 Rab8 20.Rab1 Nf4 21.Be4 Rb4 22.g3 Bxc3 23.gxf4 Rxc4 24.f3 Bd2 25.Rfd1 Bxf4 26.Rd7 a5 27.Kg2 Rb8 28.b3 Rc3 29.Rbd1 Kg7 30.Ra7 h5 31.gxh5 Rb5 32.Bg6 Rg5+ 33.Kh1 Rg3 34.Rxf7+ Kh6 35.Be4 Be5 36.Rh7+ ½-½ Replay at ChessGames.com.


The following table includes the drawn game between Schlechter and Showalter that was played on Wednesday, April 27.

Leaders after Round 1
Teichmann, Napier, Janowsky, Meises, Pillsbury, Lasker 1
Schlecter, Showalter,
Marshall, Chigorin
½
Biographies | Round 2


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