1904 Cambridge Springs International Chess Congress
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The Games

Index to Game Scores (April 25 through May 19, 1904)
Round 1 (4/25)
Teichmann - Hodges
Barry - Napier
Lawrence - Janowsky
Mieses - Marco
Schlechter - Showalter
Pillsbury - Fox
Lasker - Delmar
Marshall - Chigorin
Round 2 (4/26)
Napier - Mieses
Marshall - Pillsbury
Chigorin - Hodges
Marco - Lasker
Fox - Barry
Janowsky - Schlechter
Showalter - Teichmann
Delmar - Lawrence
Round 3 (4/28)
Lasker - Napier
Mieses - Fox
Barry - Marshall
Teichmann - Janowsky
Hodges - Showalter
Lawrence - Marco
Schlechter - Delmar
Pillsbury - Chigorin
Round 4 (4/29)
Marco - Schlechter
Chigorin - Showalter
Fox - Lasker
Janowsky - Hodges
Napier - Lawrence
Delmar - Teichmann
Pillsbury - Barry
Marshall - Mieses
Round 5 (5/2)
Lawrence - Fox
Teichmann - Marco
Mieses - Pillsbury
Hodges - Delmar
Barry - Chigorin
Showalter - Janowsky
Schlechter - Napier
Lasker - Marshall
Round 6 (5/3)
Barry - Mieses
Marco - Hodges
Chigorin - Janowsky
Delmar - Showalter
Marshall - Lawrence
Fox - Schlechter
Pillsbury - Lasker
Napier - Teichmann
Round 7 (5/5)
Lawrence - Pillsbury
Schlechter - Marshall
Mieses - Chigorin
Janowsky - Delmar
Hodges - Napier
Teichmann - Fox
Showalter - Marco
Barry - Lasker
Round 8 (5/6)
Barry - Lasker
Napier - Showalter
Barry - Lawrence
Pillsbury - Schlechter
Fox - Hodges
Mieses - Lasker
Chigorin - Delmar
Marshall - Teichmann
Round 9 (5/9)
Showalter - Fox
Lawrence - Mieses
Teichmann - Pillsbury
Schlechter - Barry
Hodges - Marshall
Lasker - Chigorin
Delmar - Marco
Janowsky - Napier
Round 10 (5/10)
Mieses - Schlechter
Chigorin - Marco
Barry - Teichmann
Fox - Janowsky
Napier - Delmar
Pillsbury - Hodges
Marshall - Showalter
Lasker - Lawrence
Round 11 (5/12)
Teichmann - Mieses
Marco - Napier
Showalter - Pillsbury
Lawrence - Chigorin
Delmar - Fox
Schlechter - Lasker
Hodges - Barry
Janowsky - Marshall
Round 12 (5/13)
Mieses - Hodges
Lawrence - Schlechter
Chigorin - Napier
Lasker - Teichmann
Fox - Marco
Barry - Showalter
Pillsbury - Janowsky
Marshall - Delmar
Round 13 (5/16)
Delmar - Pillsbury
Marco - Marshall
Teichmann - Lawrence
Schlechter - Chigorin
Hodges - Lasker
Napier - Fox
Janowsky - Barry
Showalter - Mieses
Round 14 (5/17)
Lawrence - Hodges
Barry - Delmar
Chigorin - Fox
Lasker - Showalter
Mieses - Janowsky
Pillsbury - Marco
Schlechter - Teichmann
Marshall - Napier
Round 15 (5/19)
Fox - Marshall
Hodges - Schlechter
Delmar - Mieses
Napier - Pillsbury
Marco - Barry
Janowsky - Lasker
Teichmann - Chigorin
Showalter - Lawrence

Format for game scores: Game headers include the players' names, the opening name (in most cases) and the applicable Encyclopedia of Chess Openings (ECO) code in brackets, e.g., [C42]. ECO code assignments were designated using ChessBase 7.0 software. Annotations of selected games will be included in the future updates to this site.
You can play through selected games on-screen by clicking on "Replay" when it follows the move list.

Caution! An alert visitor to this site pointed out an inconsistency between the crosstable and my original PGN file. The game Schlechter vs. Chigorin (Round 13) is shown as a win for White by database sources, but Reinfeld's tournament book declares a win for Black. The first issue of the American Chess Bulletin (which served as the original tournament book) also shows a win for Chigorin. Based on these sources, I have changed the result in my PGN file and the game score to a win for Black. The Pitt PGN download shows a win for White.

Another problem was found in the famous Pillsbury-Lasker game. Most chess databases (and at least one book) incorrectly give Black's 18th move as Qb4; the actual move was 18...Qb5. I have corrected this error on this site, but external sources should be checked for accuracy. For an excellent discussion of this specific issue, see Tim Harding's January 14, 2004 The Kibitzer article at ChessCafe.com.

Thirdly, most databases list Lawrence's first name as "C" (for Charles) but Mr. Lawrence who played in the tournament was Thomas F. Lawrence of London.

Finally, a newsgroup thread pointed out yet another error in some gamescores... in the game Mieses-Chigorin (Round 7), Mieses is credited with the win. If fact, Chigorin won. I've updated my PGN file and gamescore on this site accordingly.

Post Script #1: In the Round 1 game Lasker vs. Delmar, several sources give Delmar's 10th move as 10...Nbd5. At least two sources, including the Daily Bulletin from the tournament, give the move in Descriptive Notation as KKt-Q4. I have updated the game score and PGN file to show the move as 10...Nfd5. As the game progresses, the distinction becomes irrelevant.

Post Script #2: In the Round 4 game Marshall vs. Mieses, the move 54.Nf5 should actually be 54.Nc4. Several sources, including the Daily Bulletin from the tournament, give the move in Descriptive Notation as Kt-B4. I have updated the game score and PGN file to make this correction. Thanks to Mr. A.J. Goldsby for identifying this error.

Post Script #3: In the Round 15 game Hodges vs. Schlechter, the game is incorrectly shown as a win for Hodges by some sources. The game was won by Schlechter. I have updated the game score and PGN file to make this correction. Thanks to "ckr" for identifying this error.

Post Script #4: In the Round 1 game Marshall vs. Chigorin, most electronic databases give this move sequence: 17.Nxc6 Qxd3 18.Bxd3 bxc6 19.hxg4 Rab8. However, the moves are out of sequence. Also, the databases have moves 25 and 29 shown incorrectly. I have updated the game score and PGN file to make the corrections. Thanks to Mr.A.J. Goldsby for identifying these errors.

Post Script #5: In the Round 3 game Barry vs. Marshall, the final move pair (27.Ref1 Rc2) is omitted by some electronic databases. I have updated the gamescore and PGN file to include the previously-missing moves.

Post Script #6: In the Round 9 game Showalter vs. Fox, the final moves (72.Bg2 Bd4+ 73.Kb4 Kd6 74.Kb5 Be3) are omitted by some electronic databases. I have updated the gamescore and PGN file to include the previously-missing moves.

Post Script #7: In the Round 8 game Pillsbury vs. Schlechter, there are three errors in most electronic sources. Specifically, Black's move 66 , 116 and 117 are incorrect. The gamescore and PGN file has been updated with the correct moves.. For additional discussion see Chessgames.com.

Post Script #8: In the Round 12 game Pillsbury vs. Janowsky, White's 49th move is 49.Qg3 instead of 49.Qf2, as commonly found in electronic sources. This was identified on Chessgames.com.

Post Script #9: In the Round 6 game Napier vs. Teichmann, Black's 30th move is 30..Rg6 instead of 30...g6, as commonly found in electronic sources. This was identified on by David Moody and on Chessgames.com.

Disclaimer: I have not checked every move of every game, but I will continue to update my files as additional discrepancies are identified.

Brilliancy Prizes

According to the American Chess Bulletin (Vol. I, No. 1, June 1904), the games entered for the Rothschild brilliancy prizes ($100) were as follows:

The American Chess Bulletin (June 1904) states "... it was voted to divide the Rothchild [sic] brilliancy prize fund of $100 into two prizes, viz., $60 for the first and $40 for the second. The managing directors were requested to act as judges on the merits of those games only that were specifically entered for the aforesaid prizes."

According to Warriors of the Mind by Keene & Divinsky, Schlechter vs. Lasker "... was crowned with the first Brilliancy Prize." (This is confirmed by Fine in The World's Great Chess Games.) According to Great Brilliancy Prize Games of The Chess Masters by Fred Reinfeld (page # 45), the game Barry-Napier won second brilliancy prize. According to Bill Wall's C.S. 1904 page, third prize went to Janowsky for his win against Chigorin and fourth prize went to Delmar for his win against Hodges. (I have no explanation for why Janowsky-Chigorin is not one of the six games listed above or why four prizes were awarded instead of two.)

The December 1904 issue of the American Chess Bulletin notes the following: "The managing directors of the Cambridge Springs Chess Congress, Messrs. Hartwig Cassel and Herman Helms, announce their award of the special brilliancy prize fund, consisting of $100 donated by Baron Albert de Rothschild of Vienna, as follows: First Prize ($40) - Carl Schlechter, for his game against Dr. E. Lasker in the 11th round. Second Prize ($25) - William E Napier, for his game against J. F. Barry in the first round. Third and fourth Prizes ($35) - divided equally between David Janowski, for his game against M. J. Tschigorin in the sixth round, and to Eugene Delmar, for his game against A. B. Hodges in the fifth round."


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